/* Written in 2016-2018 by David Blackman and Sebastiano Vigna (vigna@acm.org)
To the extent possible under law, the author has dedicated all copyright
and related and neighboring rights to this software to the public domain
worldwide.
Permission to use, copy, modify, and/or distribute this software for any
purpose with or without fee is hereby granted.
THE SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED "AS IS" AND THE AUTHOR DISCLAIMS ALL WARRANTIES
WITH REGARD TO THIS SOFTWARE INCLUDING ALL IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF
MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS. IN NO EVENT SHALL THE AUTHOR BE LIABLE FOR
ANY SPECIAL, DIRECT, INDIRECT, OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES OR ANY DAMAGES
WHATSOEVER RESULTING FROM LOSS OF USE, DATA OR PROFITS, WHETHER IN AN
ACTION OF CONTRACT, NEGLIGENCE OR OTHER TORTIOUS ACTION, ARISING OUT OF OR
IN CONNECTION WITH THE USE OR PERFORMANCE OF THIS SOFTWARE. */
#include
/* This is xoroshiro128+ 1.0, our best and fastest small-state generator
for floating-point numbers, but its state space is large enough only
for mild parallelism. We suggest to use its upper bits for
floating-point generation, as it is slightly faster than
xoroshiro128++/xoroshiro128**. It passes all tests we are aware of
except for the four lower bits, which might fail linearity tests (and
just those), so if low linear complexity is not considered an issue (as
it is usually the case) it can be used to generate 64-bit outputs, too;
moreover, this generator has a very mild Hamming-weight dependency
making our test (http://prng.di.unimi.it/hwd.php) fail after 5 TB of
output; we believe this slight bias cannot affect any application. If
you are concerned, use xoroshiro128++, xoroshiro128** or xoshiro256+.
We suggest to use a sign test to extract a random Boolean value, and
right shifts to extract subsets of bits.
The state must be seeded so that it is not everywhere zero. If you have
a 64-bit seed, we suggest to seed a splitmix64 generator and use its
output to fill s.
NOTE: the parameters (a=24, b=16, b=37) of this version give slightly
better results in our test than the 2016 version (a=55, b=14, c=36).
*/
static inline uint64_t rotl(const uint64_t x, int k) {
return (x << k) | (x >> (64 - k));
}
static uint64_t s[2];
uint64_t next(void) {
const uint64_t s0 = s[0];
uint64_t s1 = s[1];
const uint64_t result = s0 + s1;
s1 ^= s0;
s[0] = rotl(s0, 24) ^ s1 ^ (s1 << 16); // a, b
s[1] = rotl(s1, 37); // c
return result;
}
/* This is the jump function for the generator. It is equivalent
to 2^64 calls to next(); it can be used to generate 2^64
non-overlapping subsequences for parallel computations. */
void jump(void) {
static const uint64_t JUMP[] = { 0xdf900294d8f554a5, 0x170865df4b3201fc };
uint64_t s0 = 0;
uint64_t s1 = 0;
for(int i = 0; i < sizeof JUMP / sizeof *JUMP; i++)
for(int b = 0; b < 64; b++) {
if (JUMP[i] & UINT64_C(1) << b) {
s0 ^= s[0];
s1 ^= s[1];
}
next();
}
s[0] = s0;
s[1] = s1;
}
/* This is the long-jump function for the generator. It is equivalent to
2^96 calls to next(); it can be used to generate 2^32 starting points,
from each of which jump() will generate 2^32 non-overlapping
subsequences for parallel distributed computations. */
void long_jump(void) {
static const uint64_t LONG_JUMP[] = { 0xd2a98b26625eee7b, 0xdddf9b1090aa7ac1 };
uint64_t s0 = 0;
uint64_t s1 = 0;
for(int i = 0; i < sizeof LONG_JUMP / sizeof *LONG_JUMP; i++)
for(int b = 0; b < 64; b++) {
if (LONG_JUMP[i] & UINT64_C(1) << b) {
s0 ^= s[0];
s1 ^= s[1];
}
next();
}
s[0] = s0;
s[1] = s1;
}